Just as conservation law enforcement (CLE) may be defined by a wide range of actions, it may also be defined by a wide-range of organized actors. In this post I consider three organizational types: state agencies, commercial enterprises, and non-governmental organizations.
The IDEA protocol can guide our predictions of the illegal wildlife trade. By selecting the right experts and asking questions in the right way, we can improve the accuracy of our forecasts.
Deterrence is referred to as the inhibition of criminal behaviour by fear especially of punishment, and is the goal of a dominant crime prevention strategy that is deeply embedded in criminal justice systems and everyday life.