Harms against animal welfare are often legally prohibited and quite common in the wildlife trade. Here I consider how animal welfare arguments are not commonly used to motivate change and how we might use them to greater effect.
The IDEA protocol can guide our predictions of the illegal wildlife trade. By selecting the right experts and asking questions in the right way, we can improve the accuracy of our forecasts.
Deterrence is referred to as the inhibition of criminal behaviour by fear especially of punishment, and is the goal of a dominant crime prevention strategy that is deeply embedded in criminal justice systems and everyday life.
According to a rapid assessment prepared for UNEP and INTERPOL, conservation crimes account for between US$91 and $259 billion in illicit revenues annually.